Hyperpigmentation or a dark spot is due to the overproduction of melanin in the skin by melanocytes. This extra melanin can be triggered by a lot of different things. Hormones—both estrogen and progesterone—can increase the level of melanin. Other factors, like skin irritation as a result of acne, waxing, and harsh scrubs, can also cause a dark spot. Now that you know where a dark spot can come from, keep reading to discover how to get rid of a dark spot.

Dark Spots Removal Using Micro-needling

For best results, SkinShineMedspa offers micro-needling with topical treatments. Once the skin barrier is opened, it is also possible to infuse ingredients known to lighten the skin like vitamin C. We also use a wound-healing serum, or a hyaluronic acid-vitamin C compound to help with hyperpigmentation, especially in darker skin tones.

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Vitamin C

Think beyond orange juice: Vitamin C can be used as a topical antioxidant that helps to block free radicals from causing oxidative damage to the skin. It also inhibits enzymatic processes that produce melanin in the skin.

Another added benefit is that vitamin C only lightens targets problem pigmentation areas, not the rest of your skin.


When it comes to dark spot treatments, hydroquinone has been the gold standard for over 50 years. You can find this ingredient over the counter in concentrations of 2 percent or less, whereas the prescription has 4 percent or greater. On a biological level, hydroquinone works by inhibiting an enzyme called tyrosinase, which aids in the production of melanin.

Kojic Acid

Kojic acid (derived from mushrooms or fermented rice) is commonly used in skin lighteners, and is best used in conjunction with hydroquinone for maximum results. “It works by suppressing a key factor in the activity of the pigment cells.

Azelaic acid

This lesser-known ingredient is a treatment for dark spots on the face. Bonus: it has antibacterial properties that can help banish acne and the scars pimples leave behind.


  • Clear skin
  • Smooth, soft skin
  • Even tone and texture




What causes dark or pigmented lesions on the skin?
Pigmented lesions, birthmarks, brown spots, or dark spots are created from an excessive concentration of melanin in the skin. Melanin is what gives skin color. While some types of melanin concentrations are present at birth, most will occur with age or from excessive sun exposure.
Are the results of dark spot removal permanent?
Yes. Most dark spots will not return if removed. However, sun exposure may cause new dark spots to grow.
Can all areas of the body be treated?
All areas of the body can be safely and effectively treated. The most common treatment areas include the face, neck, chest, arms, and hands
When will I see results?

All areas of the body can be safely and effectively treated. The most common treatment areas include the face, neck, chest, arms, and hands